Ovarian cancer is one type of cancer that emerges from the ovaries. Women usually have two ovaries; each found on either side of the uterus. These ovaries produce eggs called the ova and also the progesterone and estrogen hormones.
Most of the times, ovarian cancer goes undetected till it has spread within the abdomen and the pelvis. Usually at this stage, it is very difficult for ovarian cancer to be treated thus making it get fatal. It has been found that the leading cause of death from the genital malignancies in women is the ovarian cancer. It almost accounts for 4% of all cancer deaths in women.
The source of ovarian cancer is not well known, but some threats elements have been identified which includes:
-age mostly females above 40 years
-cases of infertility
There are clinical symptoms of ovarian cancer which include:
- Urinary dysfunction
Most of the women with ovarian cancer do complain of the constant need of urinating and the urgency to urinate or even the frequency of their urination.
- Pleural effusion
- Weight loss and malnutrition
Another good sign is whenever the patient has troubles in the eating habit or when the patients feel full even after taking a small quantity of food. This decreased appetite cause the weight loss and is a cause of ovarian cancer.
- Trouble in breathing
- Expansion of tumor causing pressure and blocking of bowel
- Increased abdominal girth
Persistent bloating is a good sign of ovarian cancer and mainly change the patient’s bloating habits. In case you have identified an increase in how often you bloat, it is good to seek medical advice.
- Back pain
These signs never appear until the malignancy has developed though not until it has spread. Most often, malignancy has been identified at an early stage though many of the afflicted people might have terminal cancer because of late medical attention due to the reason that it is a common symptomatic.